The Role of a Database for a Website

A database is a critical component for a website. It is responsible for organizing information in a secure manner into tables that contain multiple rows and columns. As websites become more dynamic, the role of the database increases.

A static website only displays information, while a dynamic website processes requests and responds differently to different users. There are many different types of databases available in the market today. Each serves a specific service.

Public role

There are a few things to remember before assigning the Public role of database for a website. The role is not explicitly assigned to a user, but it has its own permissions. For example, a user must be able to read and write data. A website user should be able to change the data on a page, but they should not be able to change other properties.

The Public role is the default role for all users of a database. New users will be assigned this role automatically. This role is permanent and cannot be disabled or removed. It grants all users a minimum set of privileges. If the user has this role, it will be able to read and write all data in the database.

Users can also enable roles. In addition, roles can be password-protected. To enable a role, a user must set its password.

The role of a database for a website

Default role

Setting default roles for database users allows you to use the database without specifying the user’s password. However, to use default roles, users must have been granted a role with a GRANT statement. Directory services and other external services cannot manage the database’s default roles. To change a database’s default roles, use the SET ROLE DEFAULT statement.

When using the SET ROLE statement, you can enable and disable roles. You can also restrict the number of roles a user can have. The maximum number of roles that can be enabled at any time is limited by the MAX_ENABLED_ROLES initialization parameter. For example, if you want a clerk role to be enabled, you should use the SET ROLE command to set a password for the clerk role. Oracle will enable the privileges in the user’s default roles if the user has explicit privileges.

Changing the default role of a database is not possible for users who connect through shared servers or other network connections. However, users can change the default role by granting privileges to specific users. To learn more about these privileges, refer to the Oracle documentation.

Cloud database

A cloud database provides flexibility, with features you can turn on and off, a wide range of servers, and a flexible pricing structure. Although cloud databases are popular and widely used, they have their advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to decide which one best meets your needs before making the decision.

The first benefit of a cloud database is the fact that it is managed by a provider, not the website owner. This means that the provider will take care of the hardware, software, and support staff. Depending on your business needs, you can choose between different cloud database types, which include hosted databases, DBaaS databases, and Data API/serverless databases.

The second benefit is the fact that cloud databases are not a one-size-fits-all solution. You can build as much or as little database as you need, and the provider will manage the rest. As long as you don’t use a cloud database for more than one website, it should work just fine for you.

Relational database

When choosing a relational database for your website, you should consider a number of factors. The first factor to consider is the expertise of the developer. It is essential to select a database that has a strong level of data integrity to ensure that data is accurate. Another important consideration is the anticipated growth of your organization’s data needs. If the database must accommodate simultaneous access, consider a relational database with high concurrency and integrity.

Relational databases are based on the idea of tables that are connected to each other by keys. For example, if you own a shoe store, you might have two tables containing information about your customers. The first table would contain customer names and shipping addresses. The second table would contain details about the products purchased, their quantity, size, and color. If the customer made an order online, this key would toggle between the two tables.

Relational databases are used for many different purposes. For example, Firefox uses an SQLite database and bank accounts use an Oracle database.


Best internet security practices in 2022

Among the best ways to keep your computer safe is to update your software regularly. If there’s a problem with a specific software version, contact IT to have it fixed. In some cases, they can also help with security alerts and upgrades. However, it’s important to understand that even a savvy IT team may not be aware of all the threats to your computer. For example, many data breaches are the result of internal fraud, so organizations need to restrict employee access to customer data.

Cyber attacks are a common occurrence

Hackers are increasingly targeting Western countries in a bid to get access to sensitive data. In January 2022, hackers attacked diplomats of several countries, starting with an email containing malware. The Iranian government announced that the government foiled a cyber intrusion into its system, but the Chinese government has not provided any evidence that this has happened yet.

Most cyber attacks begin with spear phishing emails. This form of social engineering allows attackers to target specific people in a company and craft an email campaign specifically for that person. By 2022, spear phishing will be one of the biggest problems facing the world. Most firms don’t have a good idea of what sensitive information they have on their systems, or how critical it is to the company.

Malware tricks users into believing that their security measures are outdated

Malware is a form of malicious software that targets computers to send email spam, monitor web browsing behavior and display unsolicited advertisements. According to a survey by Osterman Research, there are over 11 million malware variants that can infect a computer. The majority of these malware variants are distributed via hidden downloads from popular websites.

Malware attacks have evolved in recent years. In June 2012, attackers compromised the DDoS mitigation service CloudFlare and exploited AT&T’s voicemail service for mobile users. In July of that same year, a malware attack on Google’s account recovery service affected Gmail users. With an estimated 2 billion smartphone users worldwide, mobile malware is growing rapidly. In fact, in 2012, global malware detections on Android devices increased by 17 times. This growth is a concern for cyber security experts, as recent malware variants like banking Trojan Zeus are being adapted to mobile devices.

Multi-factor authentication strengthens security

Multi-factor authentication (MFA) is a technology that is designed to increase security by using two or more authentication factors. Those factors may include hardware (such as a keycard or cellphone), biometrics (fingerprints, iris scans), and voice recognition. Multi-factor authentication is important because it decreases the risk of data breaches, and it can be an important tool for businesses as well.

Multi-factor authentication strengthens internet security by adding extra layers of protection for the information on a website or service that an unauthorized person cannot access. It is a way to limit access while still maintaining a frictionless experience for users. Organizations often have third-party users that need access to sensitive information, and it can be difficult to keep their network safe when it contains thousands of people using various devices. Multi-factor authentication allows organizations to define which third-party users are allowed to access sensitive data, which can prevent identity theft.

Privileged users can steal sensitive data

Privileged user accounts are the most dangerous types of accounts in the IT world. These accounts give bad actors access to sensitive data and can make it extremely difficult to track them down and protect the data. Such incidents can take months or even years to investigate. When they are discovered, the data has long since been lost or discarded.

Many organizations do not even realize they have privileged users. In some cases, the privileged account is used by an employee who has disgruntled or malicious reasons for breaking the security policy. These users are highly privileged and have access to corporate secrets and intellectual property. This makes them an attractive target for hackers and insiders. In addition, privileged users are easily able to bypass controls that prevent other users from accessing the data.

Setting up a VPN

Setting up a VPN is a great way to protect your privacy while using the internet. It routes all of your traffic through an encrypted tunnel and hides the history of your network from your internet service provider and other third parties. Without a VPN, your ISP can see everything you do online, including the websites you visit, time you spend browsing, and what device you’re using. Unfortunately, many ISPs share much more data with third parties than they should. In a recent report by the Federal Trade Commission, it was revealed that many of these companies are sharing much more information than their customers would have believed possible.

Setting up a VPN will also allow you to geo-switch your location without compromising connectivity. For example, if you’re working on a remote project, setting up a VPN will allow you to work in a less-congested region without sacrificing your connection speed. VPNs also allow you to geo-relocate with ease and avoid the most popular regions of the globe.

Encrypting traffic between server and device

It is easy to sniff traffic between servers and devices, and the best way to protect yourself from this is by encrypting the data between them. This is a proven method that will not only keep you safe from hackers, but also help you keep your network running smoothly. To encrypt traffic, you need to use a VPN or other secure network connection. You can also use network mapping tools and perform network behavior anomaly detection to detect sniffers.

Using a captcha to counter spam

While CAPTCHA is important in preventing spam, its limitations make it not a perfect solution. It is easy for bots to circumvent it, and it can be annoying for users. Moreover, it cannot prevent malware or other forms of human fraud. In addition, it can be bypassed by modern AI tools.

As the internet gained widespread popularity in the 1990s, bot activity followed. To combat this problem, CAPTCHAs were invented, with the aim of separating human users from bad bots. The acronym stands for Completely Automated Public Turing Test to Tell Computers and Humans Apart. In the early days, these CAPTCHAs simply involved altering text and were highly effective. However, quick advances in computing technology made it possible for bots to decipher text and get around the CAPTCHA


How to know the performance of a site: website analytics

Monitoring is one of the essential components of any good website project.

Indeed, it is necessary to monitor the performance and results of a website to judge the interest or performance of the actions to be carried out. Today, there are various criteria to observe to carry out proper monitoring. Similarly, there are numerous free tools available to webmasters to monitor their site. We talk to you about all these points in this article dedicated to website monitoring!

Free tools to monitor your website!

One of the main tasks of the digital project manager is to monitor visits to his site. And for that, nothing could be more natural, Google itself provides a free comprehensive monitoring tool: Google Analytics.

Similarly, to control its loading time, Google makes its Google PageSpeed Insight tool available to webmasters, which highlights points for improvement to optimize the loading speed of your site, both on the server and the client side.

However, these free monitoring tools can quickly prove to be limited, and it will then be necessary to subscribe to a paid monitoring software to deepen your website monitoring.

Analytics: an essential component of digital project management!

According to the marketing definition of the term, website monitoring consists of monitoring the accessibility, availability and loading times of the website to access it. The objective of monitoring is therefore to work in such a way as to keep the site accessible and to optimize its operation day after day, particularly in terms of loading time.

To successfully monitor a website, a digital project manager must set up different monitoring tools 24/7. In particular, it must set up alerts in the event of an accessibility problem. It must also perform regular analyses and diagnostics to detect any security breaches or problems related to loading time or database accessibility.

What are the essential criteria to be followed in the context of proper monitoring?

Most often, monitoring consists in detecting and correcting errors that users of a website may encounter. These can be unavailable pages, totally buggy sections of the site, but also infinite loading loops that prevent good navigation on the site.

The server-side response time is also monitored very closely during monitoring, as it can lead to longer loading times on the user side. It is also recommended that companies set up a private hosting solution which, although technical to be set up, allows better management of loading problems than a shared hosting which, in all cases, will cause slowdowns depending on the sites that share the hosting with you.

As you will have understood, website monitoring is an essential component of web project management. Today, there are various tools available at the click of a button to help you define areas for improvement for your website, so take the opportunity to learn about hosting and accessibility issues.